What Is. . .Reverse Osmosis
Anyone who has been through a high school science class will likely be familiar with the term osmosis. The process was first described by a French Scientist in 1748, who noted that water spontaneously diffused through a pig bladder membrane into alcohol.
Over 200 years later, a modification of this process known as reverse osmosis allows people throughout the world to affordably convert undesirable water into water that is virtually free of health or aesthetic contaminants.
Reverse osmosis systems can be found providing treated water from the kitchen counter in a private residence to installations used in manned spacecraft.
Reverse Osmosis is a technology that is found virtually anywhere pure water is needed; common uses include:
- Drinking Water
- Car Wash Water Reclamation
- Rinse Waters
- Biomedical Applications
- Laboratory Applications
- Pharmaceutical Production
- Kidney Dialysis
- Water used in chemical processes
- Animal Feed
- Metal Plating Applications
- Wastewater Treatment
- Boiler Water
- Battery Water
- Semiconductor production
How Reverse Osmosis Works
A semipermeable membrane, like the membrane of a cell wall or a bladder, is selective about what it allows to pass through, and what it prevents from passing. These membranes in general pass water very easily because of its small molecular size; but also prevent many other contaminants from passing by trapping them. Water will typically be present on both sides of the membrane, with each side having a different concentration of dissolved minerals. Since the water i the less concentrated solution seeks to dilute the more concentrated solution, water will pass through the membrane from the lower concentration side to the greater concentration side. Eventually, osmotic pressure (seen in the diagram below as the pressure created by the difference in water levels) will counter the diffusion process exactly, and an equilibrium will form.
The process of reverse osmosis forces water with a greater concentration of contaminants (the source water) into a tank containing water with an extremely low concentration of contaminants (the processed water). High water pressure on the source side is used to “reverse” the natural osmotic process, with the semi-permeable membrane still permitting the passage of water while rejecting most of the other contaminants. The specific process through which this occurs is called ion exclusion, in which a concentration of ions at the membrane surface from a barrier that allows other water molecules to pass through while excluding other substances.
Semipermeable membranes have come a long way from the natural pig bladders used in the earlier osmosis experiments.
Before the 1960’s, these membranes were too inefficient, expensive, and unreliable for practical applications outside the laboratory. Modern advances in synthetic materials have generally solved these problems, allowing membranes to become highly efficient at rejecting contaminants, and making them tough enough to withstand the greater pressures necessary for efficient operation. Even with these advances, the “reject” water on the source side of a Reverse Osmosis (RO) system must be periodically flushed in order to keep it from becoming so concentrated that it forms a scale on the membrane itself. RO systems also typically require a carbon pre-filter for the reduction of chlorine, which can damage an RO membrane; and a sediment pre-filter is always required to ensure that fine suspended materials in the source water do not permanently clog the membrane. Hardness reduction, either through the use of water softening for residential units or chemical softening for industrial use, may also be desirable in hard water areas.
Low Pressure (Residential) Systems
Low pressure RO systems generally refer to those systems with a water feed pressure of less than 100 psi. These are the typical counter-top or under-sink residential systems that rely primarily on the natural water pressure to make the reverse osmosis process function; a typical system is shown schematically below.
Typical Point of Use Reverse Osmosis System
Counter-top units typically have an unpressurized storage tank; Under-sink units typically have a pressurized accumulator storage tank where the water pressure tends to increase as the tank fills.
This pressurized system provides sufficient pressure to move the water from the under-sink storage tank to the faucet. Unfortunately, this also creates a back pressure against the membrane, which can decrease its efficiency.
Some units overcome this by using unpressurized tanks with a pump to get the treated water where it is needed.
Low pressure units typically provide between 24 and 35 gallons per day of water (Pure-Pro System offer 50-80 gallons per day), Water purity can be as high as 95 percent of rejection. These systems can be highly affordable, under-sink units starting at about US $600.
These units produce water for a cost as low as five cents per gallon once maintenance and water costs are factored in. Maintenance usually requires replacing any pre- or post filters (typically one to four times per year); and the reverse osmosis cartridge once every two to three years, depending on usage. Look for Product Home Reverse Osmosis System to find products that have been successfully tested to industry performance standards; and to Certified Water Specialists (CWS I-V), Certified Sales Representatives (CSR), and Certified Installers (CI) for advice on your water needs, and equipment installation.
High Pressure (Commercial/Industrial) Systems
High pressure systems typically operate at pressures between 100 and 1000 psi, depending on the membranes chosen and the water being treated. These systems are usually used in industrial or commercial applications where large volumes of treated water are required at a high level of purity.
Most commercial and industrial systems use multiple membranes arranged in parallel to provide the required quantity of water. The processed water from the first stage of treatment can then be passed through additional membrane modules to achieve greater levels of treatment for the finished water. The reject water can also be directed into successive membrane modules for greater efficiency (see diagram below), though flushing will still be required when concentrations reach a level where fouling is likely to occur.
High pressure industrial units typically provide from 10 gallons to thousands of gallons per day of water with an efficiency of 1-9 gallons of reject water per gallon of treated water. Water purity can be as high as 95 percent. These systems tend to be larger and more complicated than low pressure systems, and this is reflected in their costs, which range from US $1000 through tens of thousands of dollars for a large, multi-module unit capable of providing desalinated drinking water for a resort facility or water bottling plant.
What Reverse Osmosis Treats
Reverse osmosis can treat for a wide variety of health and aesthetic contaminants. Effectively designed, RO equipment can treat for a wide variety of aesthetic contaminants that cause unpleasant taste, color, and odor problems like a salty or soda taste caused by chlorides or sulfates.
RO can also be effective for treating health contaminants like arsenic, asbestos, atrazine (herbicides/pesticides). fluoride, lead, mercury, nitrate, and radium. When using appropriate carbon prefiltering (commonly included with most RO systems), additional treatment can also be provided for such “volatile” contaminants as benzene, trichloroethylene, trihalomethanes, and radon. Some RO equipment is also capable of treating for biological contaminants like Cryptosporidium. The Water Quality Association (WQA) cautions, however, that while RO membranes typically remove virtually all known microorganisms and most other health contaminants, design considerations may prevent a unit from offering foolproof protection when incorporated into a consumer drinking water system.
When looking for a product to treat for a given health contaminant, care should be used to find products that have been tested successfully for such purposes at a quality testing laboratory.
Reverse osmosis is a relatively new, but very effective, application of an established scientific process. Whether it is used to meet the needs of a typical family of four, or the needs of an industrial operation requiring thousands of gallons per day, it can be a cost effective to provide the required quantity of highly treated water. With continual advances in system and membrane design that boost efficiency and reliability, RO can be expected to play a major role in water treatment for years to come.
What is the Perfect Water Series
Using the best water purification system Reverse osmosis be the tap water treatment, perfectly clean the water source, then Electrolysis of water is the decomposition of water (H2O) into oxygen (O2) and hydrogen gas (H2) due to an electric current being passed through the water. Hydrogen will appear at the cathode (the negatively charged electrode, where electrons enter the water) to convert water molecules, increase ORP value, change different pH to match the needs of life, healthy living environmental protection facilities!
What is Perfect Water (electrolysis of RO)
Electrolysis of RO water” refers to the oxidation-reduction reaction of water that generates hydrogen at the cathode (-) and oxygen at the anode
(+) when a voltage is applied to water. Electrolysis requires highly purified clean water to prevent fouling of plates. RO system with a water ionizer is one of the easiest methods for hydrogen production, offering the advantage of simplicity.
Video:Incredible Health Benefits !!
Why do I need RO water?
Electrolysis requires highly purified clean water to prevent fouling of plates. Electrolysis of RO water is the decomposition of water (H2O) into oxygen (O2) and hydrogen gas (H2) due to an electric current being passed through the water.
Hydrogen will appear at the cathode (the negatively charged electrode, where electrons enter the water).
Video:Incredible Health Benefits !!
What difference between the RO water and the water after electrolysis?
RO water is producing by RO membrane which pole is less than 0.1 nm, RO water become pure water, the water is neutral. Water ionizer is a generator rather than a filter, through the electrolysis of the water making molecule become smaller, the penetration is high, easy absorb by body. The water ionizer can produce different valve of pH, different pH value good for your life need. If you can combine this two processes in one that is the perfect combination!
Does tap water suitable for water ionizer?
Tap water of Hong Kong classify soft, from two major sources (Dongjiang and reservoirs) and plurality of district water treatment stations, flow through more than thousands kilometers pipes, cater by different major property management and then distribute with your own pipe. The cleanness may vary and who going to monitor the water quality at your home? That why, you need the best purifier before ionizing! Although a common 5 layer filtration filter was installed inside water ionizer, related materials are cotton, carbon, KDF, carbon, cotton. It is not enough to handle the dangerous contaminants such heavy element, organic chemical…etc. We highly recommend our client to install a set of pre-filter, to segregate the heavy element and calcium carbonate (scale) before ionizing. As ionizer will make small cluster of water; both can be absorb by your body. Even calcium carbonate will harm the ionizer electrolytic board and increase the risk of body stones!
For your information, The tap water of Macau is harder than Hong Kong.
Discover the incredible health benefits
Water Ionizer is a medical device in Japan. Why? Read on . . .
Alkaline Water Improves Chronic Health Conditions
Research in Japan since the 1950’s and testimonials indicate the following conditions have been improved from drinking alkaline water:
– Arthritis – Heartburn – Chronic fatigue – Indigestion – Leg cramps – High blood pressure – Poor circulation – Migraines – Nausea – Obesity – Osteoporeosis – Psoriasis – Stress
Dr. Otto Warberg received the Nobel Prize for discovering the cause of cancer – this being lack of oxygen which is low alkaline pH.
No disease can exist in an alkaline environment.
Japanese medicine has proven this over the last 15 years. Water ionizer can restore proper alkaline pH within weeks.
WATER IONIZER WILL PROVIDE YOU WITH 2 TYPES OF PREPARED WATER:
Other Benefits for Alkaline Water
Other Benefits for Acidic Water
DRINKING ALKALINE WATER
Alkaline water replenishes the electrolyte balance 3 times more than other waters because of it’s smaller water cluster it is more easily absorbed and recuperation is faster. helps with fatigue problems because of this. Sleep is helped if you drink a glass? hour before bedtime
Use Acid water for brushing teeth and removing plaque helps withgum disease. Gargle for a sore throat. If amalgams are present use high level alkaline water. Athletes foot?
TEA, COFFEE AND OTHER BEVERAGES
Alkaline water also adds flavors and brings out the best in beverages. Beverages taste smoother they don’t have that acidic taste/ tang. Tide marks on cups take longer to establish themselves and are easy to clean away
IN THE KITCHEN
Use ACID water for cleaning work surfaces, dish clothes, cutting and bread boards. Cups and dishes rinsed in ACID water after washing are sterilized on level 5. Cups do not have a “Tide” line of tea or coffee as easily if at all, dependant on the water supply/area
When cooking with Alkalized water the food absorbs the water easier, which enhances the natural taste and texture of the food being cooked. Foods cook quicker because of the smaller water molecules in alkalized water
Acid water acts as an astringent that is very effective for skincare because human skin and hair should be mildly acidic. Use the acid water externally to bring back the smoothness to skin and sheen to hair
Stay fresh longer when ACID water is used. Dilute the Acid water at 1 part to two parts of pure filter water (not Alkaline). Both of these waters are available when using the Masterpiece unit to help keep your flower arrangements fresh
Why drinking water is alkaline ionized mineral water?
Drinking alkaline ionized water every day the most effective than green juice.
Especially, Pure ionized water is alkaline ionized mineral water. It has a pH level of over 8. It is very beneficial because it is easily absorbed in the body and enhances body metabolic rate and better body resistance. Water ionizer separates various minerals in water into positive ion (alkaline) that is good for health and negative ion(acid) that is good for skin care. None of the items suggested activities above should be considered a cure for cancer and other geriatric diseases. but simply way to strengthen your body to fight the disease that has invaded it. Specially, it is maintaining various health function and curative properties and activating the unborn child in case of pregnant woman.
Which water we always drink for every day?
Because of it is not alkaline water, it cannot neutralize the effects of acidic waste.
Do not drink this water, this is water that has had all the minerals removed from it using various processed so it is literally pure H2O. it leaches the minerals from you body and makes you more acidic” the linger one drinks purified water, the more likely the development of mineral deficiencies and an acid state. Disease and early death is more likely to be seen with the ling term drinking of purified water. Fasting with purified water can be extremely dangerous since it quickly depletes the body of its vital minerals.
Where is acidic water beneficial for?
It has effectively for beautiful skin, sterilizing power and medical treatment.
This is not for drinking water, it is external use only. Acidic water provides excellent relief from poison ivy, poison oak, mosquito bites, bee stings and treatment for Hemorrhoids, acne eczema. It also helps to keep healthy, beautiful skin and hair feel great after rinsing with it.
Beneficial water condition
It has effectively for beautiful skin, sterilizing power and medical treatment.
This is not for drinking water, it is external use only. Acidic water provides excellent relief from poison ivy, poison oak, mosquito bites, bee stings and treatment for Hemorrhoids, acne eczema. It also helps to keep healthy, beautiful skin and hair feel great after rinsing with it.
Tests available for Acidity and Health
BTA (Biological Terrain Assessment) takes a ※snapshot§ of your environment and health using patients samples of 2mls of saliva, urine, and blood (blood is optional). Nervous system, a non invasive quantitative assessment of the autonomic nervous system based on heart rate variability. Tests the integrity of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system and heart rhythm. EDS (Electro Dermal Screening) a non invasive test where readings are taken from the skin of the body, primarily fingers and toes, in depth tests typically take approximately 2 hours. The test looks at underlying causes and causal chains of a persons health profile. Segmentelektrograph, a non invasive test where quadrant measurements are taken to determine the functionality of a persons body, in finding the area or areas where problems are going on insidiously. All of these tests will produce a graph of the person being tested.
Why are so many people excited about drinking alkaline water?
What is your body pH levels ?
What should we be concerned about pH levels ?
It has been stated that, if the condition of our extra cellular fluids, especially the blood, becomes acidic, our physical condition will first manifest tiredness, proneness to catching colds, etc. When these fluids become more acidic, our condition then manifests pains and suffering such as headaches, chest pains, stomach aches, etc.
According to Keiichi Morishita in his Hidden Truth of Cancer, if the Blood develops a more acidic condition, then our body inevitably deposits these excess acidic substances in some area of the body such so that the blood will not be able to maintain an alkaline condition which causes these areas such as the cells to become acidic and lowers in oxygen. As this tendency continues, such areas increase in acidity and some cells die; then these dead cells themselves turn into acids.
However, some other cells may adapt in that environment. In other words, instead of dying – as normal cells do in an acid environment – some cells survive by becoming abnormal cells. These abnormal cells are called malignant cells. Malignant cells do not correspond with brain function or with our own DNS memory code. Your body’s pH level is a large indicator of your alkalinity.
Why should we be concerned about pH levels? Since most of the body is water-based (50-60%), the pH level has profound effects on all body chemistry, health and disease. All regulatory mechanisms (including breathing, circulation, digestion, normal production) serve the purpose of balancing pH, by removing caustic metabolized acid residues from body tissues without damaging living cells. If the pH deviates too far to the acid side or too far to the alkaline side, cells become poisoned by their own toxic waste and die.
Just as acid rain can destroy a forest and alkaline wastes can pollute a lake; an imbalanced pH corrodes all body tissue, slowly eating into the 60,000 miles of veins and arteries like corrosives eating into marble. If left unchecked, an imbalanced pH will interrupt all cellular activities and functions, from the beating of your heart to the neural firing of your brain. The body is largely made up of water, a medium that is biologically useful in allowing nutrients, oxygen and bio-chemicals to be transported from place to place. This water-based medium can have either acid or alkaline properties that are measured by a graduated scale called pH (for potential hydrogen), wherein 1.0 to 6.9 is considered acidic, 7.0 is neutral and 7.1 to 14.0 is alkaline.
what is the pH of some popular drinks?
Soft drinks artificially sweetened 1.0
Salt Refined 1.5
Wheat Refined 1.5
White Rice 1.5
Cereal Corn 2.5
Fried Potato Chips 3.0
Chicken & Fish 3.0
Prescribed drugs are normally highly acidic
Fresh Fruit Juices 6.5
Citrus Fruits 6.0
Most Vegetables 5.0-6.0
Potatoes with Skin 5.5
Even the experts, who acknowledge that a neutral or slightly alkaline pH is good, disagree on what this means with regard to body fluids. For example, some researchers consider a slightly acid urine pH to be normal (healthy) because it might indicate that the body is eliminating acids that are a natural product of metabolism. Other experts maintain that the urine should be close to neutral or slightly alkaline.
Acid/alkaline balance is extremely important to normal physiology.
For example, the blood will maintain a slightly alkaline range of 7.35 to 7.45. Extended pH imbalances of any kind are not well tolerated by the body. The management of the pH factor is so important that the body’s primary regulatory systems (especially breathing, circulation and eliminations) closely regulate acid–alkaline balance in every cell and system of the organism. Some researchers believe that high acidity can deplete bones because the body has to steal alkalizing minerals (especially calcium) from bones to keep the blood from dropping into the acid range.
Thus acid/alkaline balance may be relevant to diseases such as osteoarthritis and osteoporosis. Alkalinity can be increased by consuming less meat and sweets and more vegetables and fruits. Although eating fruit to increase alkalinity may seem to be a contradiction because some fruits (especially citrus) are acidic outside the body, digestion uses up their acidic components, leaving an alkaline residue (ash). Thus the net effect is alkaline-producing in the system.
Possible contaminants inside potable water
After 2015 of the lead water incident in Hong Kong, the WHO Drinking Water Guideline 2011 fourth edition was promoted to deepen the understanding of water affairs operation.
Previously, we find solid contamination such as mud, rust from tap water, those are subside from still water inside pipe. Actually, you cannot visual them when flushing. One of the evident shown from those used filter replaced from our client, and the laboratory test result from Kai Ching Estate client water source. That understand how water be polluted by the surrounding. The reason that why WHO editorial the drinking water guideline and add the requirement of Quality Plan inside it. It is a passive action for those aggressive leaders to generate a goal; however the learning period may cause incident. Understand stage, a home RO purifier were installed since 1998 (Water Source were polluted at Dong Jiang)
Simple description of the guideline in 548 pages and twelve chapters, they spent 5 years with several hundred specialist involved. The purpose is protecting public in safety and health. Promoting member of the organization to asset the risk from their drinking water source, managing and review the potential risk of pollution source, material base against the surrounding such as hazardous wastes, air, food and consumable Significantly contribution to the water resources, the guideline assesses the present ecological environment of the Earth, water sources, water systems, filtration systems, pipelines, all possible pollution, livestock, biochemical, industrial, nuclear-burning coal, ecological environment, pollutants caused by the extension, bacterial viruses, broadcast media and their harm, in the treatment of new and old water supply system application plan, Construction, operation, evaluation, repair, crisis management … and so on.
Most appreciate, even the boiling pot, furniture, sanitary ware and detergent are evaluated, do not underestimate the poor metal quality of the electric kettle, high content of heavy metal remain boiling water being high, a supervision is necessary. There will be another controlling issue after lead water incident. By the way, high level of heavy metal remains body can only affecting dementia, we may have more serious problems to resolve, just be clams on queue inside emergency service. Common sense from human boiling water are safe enough, this is the theory of the ancient century. It is no doubt to control the metal of the boiling pot. Is it jokes or intelligence?
Initialing your own drinking water quality plan
From the Industrial Revolution to the modern quality control system ISO9000, environmental control system ISO14001, Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) and food processing system of ISO22000, there have a lot of Quality plan. The common goal is to draw a good result, “Quality product brings a good result.” As a water purification practitioner, we understand the difficulty of the managing water resources are more challenging to educate human. The environment may not improve by one body. If we cannot change peoples, why do not change yourself. Beside, protecting the environment and protecting yourself and your families. One household RO water purification system installed.
Facilities of Water treatment
Water Softener / Resins Filter
Water softener is Ion-exchange resins are used to replace the magnesium and calcium ions (white Scale remain after water boiled) found in hard water with sodium ions. When the resin is fresh, it contains sodium ions at its active sites. When in contact with a solution containing magnesium and calcium ions (but a low concentration of sodium ions), the magnesium and calcium ions preferentially migrate out of solution to the active sites on the resin, being replaced in solution by sodium ions. This process reaches equilibrium with a much lower concentration of magnesium and calcium ions in solution than was started with.
The resin can be recharged by washing it with a solution containing a high concentration of sodium ions (e.g. it has large amounts of common salt (NaCl) dissolved in it). The calcium and magnesium ions migrate from the resin, being replaced by sodium ions from the solution until a new equilibrium is reached. The salt is used to recharge an ion-exchange resin, which itself is used to soften the water, theory like a rechargeable battery.
Care of using ion-exchange resin softener being drinking water purification:
- The concentration of sodium ions in water can increase; especially hypertension, cardiovascular disease, kidney disease patients, for the intake of high sodium is not suitable for side effects.
- Normally ion-exchange resin softener is common for hard water area, in the first stage of softening effect. Tap water in Hong Kong is classified at soft, it is not necessary! Only benefit for Fish lovers who want fine-tune water after RO purifiers to 0ppm, and the sodium ions will no harm on the fish!
- Ion-exchange resin can achieve soften water; it cannot remove the chemical, organic, inorganic substances, pesticides, chlorine…etc.
A common ceramics (bowl, cup) on the surface covering a layer of glaze, making not permeable, to control the ceramic density without glazing, in a fine size and produce filtration effect, the most sophisticated ceramic filter density is about 0.2 to 0.5 microns in the markets. It can intercept fine sediments in water, such as rust by the aging of water pipes, mud in the sand, microorganisms in the storage tank, larger fungi, such as Escherichia coli, Salmonella, cholera bacteria, dysentery bacteria, amoeba, etc.
The best material for ceramic filter is the natural diatom fossils. Which is algae type of single-celled plants, living 150 million years in the sea, their own materials density reach the certain requirement, grinding into powder, and firing more than 1000 Celsius into diatom ceramic filter. But on the market, a two dollars tile and a twenty thousand blue-and-whites they looks similar, can you recognize it?
Care instruction by using ceramic filter
- Although the ceramic filter is good for filter sand, mud, some bacteria, it cannot remove odor, chlorine, organic chemical and inorganic compounds.
- The ceramic filter function like a strainer, the accumulated precipitate make sticks, and reduces its function, getting less and less amount of water.
- Ceramic filter, need often clean the accumulated sediments and grinding its surface layer, in order to maintain a good filtering function, when the layer gradually loss, the function will also decline.
Hollow membrane, pp sediment, or ultrafiltration membrane
Straw-like tubular shape, there have countless fine holes by different density from 50, 10, 5, 2, 1, 0.5, 0.1 to 0.01 microns, different density serve for filtering different sizes of substances, such as sand mud, sediments, coliform bacteria, dysentery bacteria, salmonella bacteria, cholera bacteria, TB bacteria, or larger substances. The advantages of PP sediment filter: its density is forming stable, normal work for pre-filtration and comparative price, disposable.
Care instruction of using Sediment filter:
- Sediment filter cannot remove odor, chlorine, pesticides, heavy metals, organic chemicals and subtle viruses.
- When water temperature pass over 57 Celsius, the filter density will change immediately.
UV lamp, structural same with fluorescent lamp, but the fluorescent contains fluorescence material and UV through low-pressure quartz generates the wavelength 254nm ultraviolet rays. It kills microorganism, bacterium nucleus, protein and so on. There have two categories in NSF standards, Class A is the ability to control bacteria glow in the water, and Class B is ability kill a certain proportion number of bacteria in the water. The main target is the bacteria and viruses inside water. It cannot settle down the chemical organic, inorganic substances, pesticides, chlorine, heavy metals…etc.
Care Instruction of using Ultraviolet Sterilizer
- The function of Ultraviolet sterilizer is related with the actual water flow. Otherwise virus and bacteria may not kill properly.
- Beware of the life of the Ultraviolet lamp; change it on time or little bit earlier! To avoid drinking water without sterilization, please do not change UV lamp until it burnt!
Magnetic water treatment, Pi water, Energy water
Magnetic water treatment (also known as anti-scale magnetic treatment or AMT) is a method of supposedly reducing the effects of hard water by passing it through a magnetic field as a non-chemical alternative to water softening. Magnetic water treatment is regarded as unproven and unscientific.
There is a lack of peer-reviewed laboratory data, mechanistic explanations, and documented field studies to support its effectiveness. Erroneous conclusions about their efficacy are based on applications with uncontrolled variables. There are, however, some studies which have claimed significant effects and proposed possible mechanisms for the observed decrease in water scale.
There are two different ways to produce magnetized water in the market;
- The dynamic magnetic field or the magnetic energy, produce the magnetism by coil, to interfere the water and make it be smaller molecule, as per the way band of magnetic field, strong and weak, distant, by this theory!
- Static magnetic field or energy, such as far infrared, through some ceramics at high temperatures fired after 1000 degrees Celsius, produced 4µ to 14µ of far infrared electro-magnetic waves, to interfere with molecular agglomeration synthesis of small molecules of water. There have some magnetization equipment, are using natural magnets in the electro-magnetic field to activate water quality.
Care Instruction of using Magnetic water treatment, Pi water, energy water
- Whether you believe that magnetic water treatment, Pi water, energy water is structural effective and making energy to the water by smaller water molecules. In sense of infiltration into small water groups, how about the unclean water, such as heavy element, will it become smaller molecules then easier to absorb by your body too?
- How can you verify their filtering effectiveness, by what method or standard? If they are using static magnetic field, what is the magnetic life? And the lasting energy period, dynamic can it be charged or plugged in, and then the static natural magnetic field what lasting?
Making water boil to steam, collect vapor and condensate it be distill water. It can remove all material from water. The distiller machine is using this method to evaporate and condenses to distill water.
Care Instruction of using distiller
- Although it can remove most of the pollutants, it still have chance to remain the lower boiling point volatile organic compounds, such as three halogen methane, etc., may drop into the barrel collector with distilled water.
- Distiller needs high power consumption, such as a family-type distiller produce 500 ml per hour, low rated water producing speed.
- Watch out and pay attention to water tanks, there will have accumulated calcium carbonate remains. Need to clean it regularly accumulated by critic acid, otherwise the power consumption will increase and water producing ratio will low.
- Distilled water without any oxygen, cannot raise fish or irrigation!
Ozone (O3) tri-oxygen, in 1785, the Dutch chemist Martinus van Marum was conducting experiments involving electrical sparking above water when he noticed an unusual smell, which he attributed to the electrical reactions, failing to realize that he had in fact created ozone. A half century later, Christian Friedrich Schönbein noticed the same pungent odor and recognized it as the smell often following a bolt of lightning. In 1839, he succeeded in isolating the gaseous chemical and named it “ozone”, from the Greek word ozein (ὄζειν) meaning “to smell”. For this reason, Schönbein is generally credited with the discovery of ozone. The formula for ozone, O3, was not determined until 1865 by Jacques-Louis Soret and confirmed by Schönbein in 1867.
It can also be used for bleaching substances and for killing microorganisms in air and water sources. Many municipal drinking water systems kill bacteria with ozone instead of the more common chlorine. Ozone has a very high oxidation potential. Ozone does not form organochlorine compounds, nor does it remain in the water after treatment. Recently because of food chemicals, small ozone sterilizer came into being, claiming able to break down food, vegetables and fish residues of pesticides, bacteria, purifying and sterilizing water, deodorizing, reducing color; activating skin to promote new cell skin and anti-aging metabolism … etc.
Is no doubt, ozone (O3) is better than chlorine for sterilization, friendly and environmentally. However it need a large set-up and difficult be consumable like as household appliance. Thoughtfully, the facility needs electric shocks and high-pressure pumps to create ozone, how can it be a slim consumable household appliance having enough power to kill bacteria for your daily use. Think about the two set-ups comparison, one is non-purified water and small-scale ozone sterilizer, the other is purified water without ozone sterilizing function. Put Fish, fruits and vegetables in same water level and soaking same timing? What result will be?
Care Instruction of using Ozone
- Wear mask and goggle, because high concentrated Ozone will harm the mucosa of eyes, respiratory and nasal cavity.
- Please attention to Ozone concentration control and keep ventilation environment.
- When used for air disinfection, all living things should be isolated, and do not enter the area until one hour later of the machine is shut down and make sure the ozone is dispersed without harmful.
Electrolysis of water / Water Ionizer
In some areas of the world, there are obvious old age phenomenon, people less sick, the average life expectancy is high, this phenomenon began to the genetics, medicine, biology, nutrition and other scholars attention, have begun to study, to find the secret of longevity. The Japanese medical profession maintains that the water quality is weakly alkaline, the molecule is small, contains the osmotic energy in the stream which the inhabitant relies on to subsist. In the process of extracting natural energy (Hydrogen) from the study of electrolytic water, it is found that the electrolyte can produce the same water quality.
Water Ionizer is based on the principal of “electrochemical” and “electrolysis”, simply like a liquid cell battery, when you charge back power to it, decomposition of water (H2O) into oxygen (O2) and hydrogen gas (H2) due to an electric current being passed through the water. Hydrogen will appear at the cathode (the negatively charged electrode, where electrons enter the water). Of course, cell battery water is not allowed to drink. Because the electrolytic board is use “Titanium dioxide electrode plate” it will not loss during the process and will not precipitate any heavy metals!
Recently, the ionizer has developed to “3 poles 2 slots,”5 poles 4 slots, “7 poles 6 slots, or even “9 poles 8 slots”. No matter the quantity of poles and slots are equipped, the most important is the area of the electrolytic plate and power consumption. Simplicial, producing speed (water flow) of water and the stability of each pH value be valued! How can you pick it out? Price? Function? Or brand?
Note： Almost water ionizer have contain a five-layer filter inside, however it can only remove sand, mud, chlorine and cannot absorb the soluble of heavy metals from water, better equipped a pre-filter for it.
For more details about Water Ionizer, please read our Perfect Water Series.
Always get information from You-Tube, Facebook showing the pipe cleaning service are well done, they can clean out very cloudy color red, yellow, blue, white, black from pipe. It looks sharp! As a professional technician work in water purification service, we are delighted to see their results of the pipe cleaning. This is an empirical demonstration to the public, how is our existing water quality. How do the rust, mud, solid heavy metals, scale, and fermenting things going pipe inside? It is the inclusiveness of water.
Refer from the booklet “Facts about Water” by the water supplies department: when water supply from WSD resumes from a period of suspension, the sediments inside water mains may be stirred up resulting in water supply with slightly higher turbidity than normal. The contents of sediments accumulated in water mains are mainly lime, traces of iron or minerals but these sediments will not pose risks to our health or safety of water supply. In case the incident occurs, the WSD will flush our water mains at the fire hydrants in the affected areas so as to drain away the water until its clarity resumes normal. If the situation persists, the WSD will arrange water wagons to provide temporary water supply to the public in the affected areas. Management offices of premises can also inspect their roof tanks and inside service. If water with high turbidity is observed, the Management Offices can drain the roof tanks to allow the intake of clear water as soon as possible.
The truth is, nothing can see when water is flowing; sediments will appears when state, pipe cleaning service is to remove sediment from pipe, but did not improve the quality of water! What about dissolved inside water? In the water supplies department’s position, no harm for sediments less inside, but can we have an option contains nothing inside water from tap?
Element copper and zinc alloy of the water filter material, using redox reaction or an electrochemical reaction, to remove chlorine, hydrogen sulfide, heavy metals in the water (such as lead, mercury, copper, iron, etc.), it is expensive commonly known as “water gold.” Because it produces electrolyte environments in water, bacteria cannot be grow and multiply. Generally with the use of activated carbon materials to save cost!
No matter how many layers of the filter, those are combination of the above method or material! Take each of their characteristics, create their best product out! Of course, different combinations having differences price and effects! But end up, what do you need? Pure Water? Energy Water? Healthy Water?